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Muscat

Muscat is RISM's central cataloging program for musical sources (manuscripts, printed music, libretti, and treatises).

The program was developed by the RISM Central Office in cooperation with RISM Switzerland. Muscat was already used in earlier versions by RISM Switzerland and RISM UK. Muscat was made available to the entire RISM community in 2016. Kallisto is no longer in use.

About Muscat

Muscat includes sources from the various RISM series A/I, A/II, and B/I, which are in one database for the first time after having previously been managed in separate places. As of September 2018, Muscat contains in total 1,132,000 musical sources, 111,700 authority records for personal names, 70,400 institutions, and 34,500 records for secondary literature.

Muscat is a multilingual, open source, web-based, platform-independent program. It uses MARC21 and thus has an internationally widespread and standardized data model at its core. Additional features include:

  • Built-in version control to identify changes
  • Ability to leave comments for sources and authority files
  • Intuitive management of digital objects
  • Ability to create folders to organize your work
  • Link to VIAF to import personal name authority files
  • Custom-built module to display incipits
  • Expanded ability to add guidelines in different languages
  • Integrated full online catalog search with geovisualizations
  • Interfaces in English, German, French, and Italian, with translations in Spanish and Portuguese in preparation
  • Separate training server for practice

Please see the Muscat project page for detailed information on the history and philosophy of this software project, its its technical components, and what it offers.

Technical requirements

  • Muscat is platform independent and works on both Macs and PCs.
  • Access is through a URL and requires an Internet connection. No installation is required, and nothing needs to be downloaded.
  • Muscat works best on screens that are at least 1366 x 768 pixels.
  • Muscat is optimized for Firefox and Chrome. Do not use Internet Explorer!

Tutorials: General

Tutorials will be linked here as they are completed.

Questions, comments, ideas, suggestions? Let Jennifer know

Introductory videos for Muscat:

  • Muscat: A Quick Overview: If you have time to watch only one video on Muscat, this is it!
  • Authority files and indexes: All about RISM authority files, indexes, and controlled vocabulary, how to link to them, and how to add to them.
  • Basic functions: The basic buttons, actions, and features of Muscat are shown. You should be familiar with these before you do any cataloging. Shown are basic functions in the Sources view, viewing mode, editing mode, and how to add comments. 
  • First steps: How to edit existing data and how to begin a new record.

    • Search using filters and faceted search
    • Duplicate a record and use new record template

     


    Special topics:

    • Who is anonymous?: This video highlights the importance of doing an incipit search first for anonymous compositions.
    • Searching in Muscat: Filters, faceted search, search strategies.
    • Using folders
    • Adding references to secondary literature: Brief guide (PDF)
    • Linking and uploading files
    • Crash course in Plaine & Easie Code: It really is plaine and easie!

    Tutorials: Music manuscripts

    Basic source cataloging:

    Step-by-step guides to entering sources

    1. If you have a score: PDF  Video on YouTube
    2. If you have only parts: PDF
    3. If you have a score and parts: PDF
    4. If you have a source that contains more than one work (a collection): PDF
    5. Special rules for non-Latin scripts: PDF

    Download the examples used in the videos:

    Score

    Score and part

     

    More examples to practice:

    1. Example 1: Score      card  full record in Muscat
    2. Example 2: Score and part      card     full record in Muscat
    3. Example 3: Collection      card     full record in Muscat

    Tutorials: Printed music

    Always search for the print first in Muscat or the RISM online catalog. Check to see if the print in RISM is identical with the item in hand. Refer to the guidelines on when to enter a new record.

    • If you find the print, you can add/edit your holdings. You may also revise the record.
    • If you don't find a match, enter a new record.
    • Records are sometimes inconsistent or confusing. Ask us if you have any questions!

     

     Three ways to contribute printed music to RISM

    1. Add and edit your holdings to printed music
      Complete instructions: PDF
      One-page version: PDF
      This is RISM's priority for printed music and is the easiest way for a library to contribute. Find the print in RISM, add your holdings, and enter the shelfmark.

      • Please note: B/I records from the years 1551-1700 are currently unpublished. If you add holdings, the record will remain unpublished unless it is revised (see below).

    2. Revise existing RISM records
      Complete instructions: PDF
      One-page version: PDF

      Records imported from RISM's printed volumes A/I (music by one composer published up to ca. 1800) and B/I (music by multiple composers, i.e. anthologies, published up to 1700) are in Muscat. Please observe the following if you choose to revise the records:

      • A/I: The vast majority of A/I records need to be revised. Most prints in fact contain multiple works, so an A/I record must be edited into a collection record and individual entries are needed. A/I is already in the online catalog.
      • B/I to 1550: The vast majority of B/I records up to the year 1550 need to be revised, including any individual entries that are already attached to the parent record. It is frequently the case that reprints ("following entries") do not have individual entries, while the initial entries (i.e., the prints treated as the first edition in the book) do. These are already in the online catalog.
      • B/I from 1551 to 1700: These records are in Muscat but not in the online catalog because the entries are very rudimentary. They have Muscat numbers that begin with 993. These records must be completely revised and individual entries must be added. If you revise a record, leave it unpublished but add a quick comment to the record saying the record has been revised (save the record, then go to the bottom under "Comments"). Central Office staff will look at the record and we will publish it. Thank you for your understanding as we gain a sense of the needs of these records.

    3. Add new records for printed music
      Complete instructions: PDF
      Two-page version: PDF
      If your print falls outside the scope of A/I or B/I, chances are it is not in Muscat. Always do a quick search first, though, to see if someone else has already entered it. If you don't find it, create a new record.

     

    Current limitations

    1. For a few prints, you will not see an "add holdings" button. (These are mostly print records that were created with Kallisto.) If you have the same print, send the Central Office (contact@rism.info) your holdings information (at least siglum and shelfmark) and we will add it once these records have been converted.
    2. We are working on improving the way to indicate prints bound with manuscripts as well as items that consist of both prints and manuscripts (such as a printed score with handwritten parts stored under one shelfmark). If you have such items, consider setting them aside for now until the template is developed, and look for an announcement on the Muscat list.

    Training server

    A training version of Muscat is available where you can:

    • practice and experiment with records
    • add, change, and delete information
    • not worry about making mistakes or ruining anything
    • look at the RISM guidelines
    • get an overview of Muscat's features 

    The Muscat training server is:

    • identical to the live version of Muscat in data and structure
    • reset once a week with current data from the live server
    • ideal for workshops, demonstrations, and conferences

    Access information:
    Go to this address: http://muscat-training.rism.info
    Enter this email address: training01@rism.info
    Enter this password: password

    You may enter any email address between training01@rism.info and training99@rism.info —in other words, each participant in a workshop can have a different login.

    Training users are "members" of the US working group and have editing rights for all sources that begin with the siglum US-*.

    Workshops

    Muscat workshops are hosted by the RISM Central Office or organized by members of our national groups around the world. If you are interested in organizing a workshop, we're happy to assist. We can also give online Muscat demonstrations through Skype.

    Access to a training server is available for use in demonstrations, at conferences, or in workshops.

    To our regular Muscat users: Help us spread the word! Consider proposing a Muscat session for your next library or musicological association conference.

     

    Muscat Workshop

    December 3-7, 2018
    Shanghai Conservatory of Music, China
    Jennifer Ward

    Past workshops and demonstrations