The Spitzeders, A Musical Family

If you search for "Spitzeder" online, you'll first stumble upon a lot of websites related to the actress Adele Spitzeder (1832-1895; image left). She has a musical tie-in (later in life she performed popular songs as the singer Adele Vio), but today she is more infamous than famous for founding the Spitzeder Private Bank. As a money lender, she used a pyramid scheme to defraud 31,000 customers of 8 million guldens and was sentenced to three years in jail.

Adele Spitzeder came from a long line of musicians, however. Six of her relatives have sources in the RISM database:

Tenor Franz Anton Spitzeder (1735-1796) was active in Salzburg as a singer as well as a piano and voice teacher. His name appears as a performer on a libretto of Mozart's Die Schuldigkeit des Ersten Gebots (RISM ID no. 653005629).

His brother Oswald Spitzeder (1738-1783) is so far only known in RISM as the owner of a Litaniae Lauretanae by Anton Cajetan Adlgasser (RISM ID no. 659000020).

Franz Anton's son Johann Baptist Spitzeder (1764-1842) can be found on four sources from Weimar, including as a performer in Carl Friedrich Zelter's setting of Friedrich Schiller's Dithyrambe (RISM ID no. 250002099). The well-traveled bass and actor also performed in numerous opera houses, including in Bonn, Munich, and Vienna.

Another one of Franz Anton's sons is Joseph Spitzeder (1767-1842), who was active in Nuremberg and Vienna and should not be confused with his nephew Josef Spitzeder (1796-1832; the father of Adele). Adalbert Gyrowetz composed an aria for Joseph in the opera Der lustige Schuster (RISM ID no. 464111140).

Adelheid Fries (1793-1873) was the daughter of Johann Baptist Spitzeder and performed in the opera Garibaldi der Agilofinger in 1824 (RISM ID no. 455020427).

Henriette Spitzeder-Schüler (1800-1828) was the daughter of the singer Carl Schüler (1775-1809) and married Josef Spitzeder in 1816. During her short life, she could be heard in numerous opera houses, including the ones in Karlsruhe, Nuremberg, and Vienna. A guest performance took her to Hamburg in 1826, where she sang in Etienne-Nicolas Méhul's opera La Journée aux Aventures (RISM ID no. 452502383). She died in 1828 giving birth to her tenth child.


Image: Adele Spitzeder, from the popular weekly magazine Die Gartenlaube, vol. 15 (1873), p. 251. Spitzeder had made headlines when she was arrested the previous November. Via Wikimedia Commons.

 

Category: New at RISM



Next article >
< Previous article

Comments

No comments
Add comment

- required field




CAPTCHA image for SPAM prevention If you can't read the word, click here.


Subscribe with your RSS reader

COPYRIGHT

All news entries are by the RISM Central Office staff unless otherwise noted. Reuse of RISM's own texts is permitted under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License—though please note that image credits and permissions are usually separate and noted at the bottom of each post. If authorship is attributed to someone else (indicated at the start of an entry and/or by a name following the word "Contact"), please contact the individual authors.